Menstrual pain is quite common among women of any age. However, some women also notice some discomfort more or less in the mid of the menstrual cycle, coinciding with ovulation period. This pain is known as inter-menstrual pelvic pain . The truth is that many women get stressed due to now knowing why you have pain in the abdomen when you do not have the period. If this is your case, I am sure that on some occasion you have asked yourself the question: why Ovulation Pain Occurs in my belly?
Initially, you can be calm, as it is a more common pain than it seems and is not always associated with problems of health or the female reproductive system. We here explain the reasons why you notice these discomforts so that you stop stressing yourself and know when you should go to the doctor.
Why do I have ovular pain and inflammation?
Normally, Ovulation pain is not caused by any abnormality or serious health problem. Rather, it is part of the process that the woman’s body has to do each month due to menstruation cycle. However, it is true that there are a number of reasons that explain the fact that there are women who have discomfort and even pain that makes it difficult for them every day. Among the main causes are:
- Inflammation of the ovarian follicles : At the start of each menstrual cycle, the maturation of many ovarian follicles takes place, but then finally only one is the one that becomes dominant. In this process, inflammation of these ovarian follicles occurs, which is what triggers the pain. Moreover, since maturation occurs in both ovaries, it is likely that it hurts on both sides of the belly or that this pain is always felt in the same place , or that it is noticeable alternately. on one side or the other of the gut.
- Rupture of the ovary wall : The ovary wall rupture is another possible cause that explains why your belly hurts when you ovulate. And, when ovulation occurs, the ovum has to cross the ovary walls. This process is what produces pain and inflammation.
- Step through the fallopian tubes : After the ovulation, the egg has to go down the tubes to the uterus. This causes the contraction of fallopian tubes to encourage the egg to reach its destination, which causes pelvic discomfort.
- Muscle contractions : sometimes, the pain is due to muscle contractions that occur at the time of ovulation because both the musculature of the ovaries and the ligaments that surround them have to contract when there is an increase in the level of prostaglandins, which are substances of a lipid nature that act on the body and certain systems, such as the reproductive.
When ovaries hurt, before or after ovulating
Although there are reasons behind belly pain when ovulating, but exactly why some women do notice the discomfort while others do not , since the process followed by the body in each menstrual cycle is similar in every woman. What has been found is that it is a normal process because it generally does not respond to any physical cause or serious health problem. You must pay attention to the symptoms to recognize it or know if you have to go to the doctor quickly:
- Pelvic-abdominal pain: The pain can come on one side or both. It is also likely to show one month on one side and then on the other during another menstrual period. Whatever the side, the pain is felt in the area where the female reproductive system is located.
- Mild or moderate pain : however, there are women who notice it with greater intensity. The latter is less common, but it can happen. Some even see their daily activity difficult.
- Duration of pain : The pain usually lasts a few minutes, although it can last for hours and last up to a whole day or 48 hours.
- Mid-cycle pain: The pain always coincides with the mid of the menstrual cycle, which indicates that ovarian pain occurs BEFORE the period.
As we can see, pain in the ovary occurs during the ovulation process , that is, before the menstrual period, which helps many women to know their fertile days. However, if you notice any other symptom, you have never had that pain and it starts to occur or you see any other anomaly, it is advised to see a doctor as soon as possible, especially if you do not undergo the annual gynecological exams.
Very painful ovulation, what do I do?
For cases in which there is no cause that justifies the ovulation pain , a treatment is prescribed, which usually consists in treating the discomfort, being the most common the taking of analgesics and anti-inflammatory. However, for those who have difficulty living their day to day normally due to these discomforts, the most common is taking oral contraceptives to prevent ovulation. Moreover, you can also follow a series of tips and guidelines to avoid these pains in the belly:
- Apply heat in the area : It is done so that the muscles relax and contractions do not occur. Also put a hot water bottle or blankets or dry-heat electric mats for 20 minutes every two hours.
- Do moderate exercise : Do light abdominal exercise because they allow to strengthen the musculature of that area.
- Take relaxing infusions : especially of plants that help to relive the discomforts of periods and that are also relaxing such as passionflower,sage, mugwort, juniper, vitex or melissa, among others.
It is always advisable that you consult with the doctor to rule out the causes that may be behind these discomforts so that you are calm and, if you have to follow a treatment, be the most suitable.