Hyperglycemia is a condition that we must pay close attention to. If there is no timely treatment, diabetes can develop. Therefore, it is important to know the symptoms, we will describe them below.
Sugar in the blood, or glucose, is the main source of energy for the cells of our body. This type of sugar is present in flour, honey, carrots, rice. And it is also found in many other ingredients and foods. We will talk about the symptoms of high blood sugar .
Thanks to this energy, our body can perform various functions. This, for example, transmission of nerve impulses, heart work, digestion, etc. The blood sugar level should be in the range of 70 to 110 mg / dL . In this case, there will be no negative health effects.
Increased blood glucose is called hyperglycemia. And it, unfortunately, causes damage to various organs. When sugar in the blood exceeds 180 mg / dl, diabetes is diagnosed. It is very important to monitor your condition under the strict supervision of doctors. Since it can cause serious complications.
What is hyperglycemia?
So, about hyperglycemia, they say when the blood sugar level is above 140 mg/dl. And it can happen for two reasons:
Because of problems in the pancreas. In particular, problems with obtaining a sufficient amount of insulin, a hormone responsible for regulating blood sugar levels.
Because the body can not correctly use this insulin.
In either case, it is essential to talk to your doctor so that he prescribes medication. And he will talk about the necessary changes in the diet and the appropriate exercise and exercise.
Symptoms of high blood sugar
Unfortunately, hyperglycemia is challenging to detect. Especially if you are not used to paying enough attention to your health. However, it always has symptoms. Ideal – every 6 months to undergo a medical examination. This will allow us to identify signs of elevated blood sugar levels in a timely manner.
The simplest and most economical method is a blood test for glucose. Hardly a palpable prick and just one drop of blood.
But anyway, here are the signs, which should be taken very carefully:
It is a constant thirst, an increase in the consumption of water … This condition goes together with an unpleasant sensation of dry mouth. And it is very important to drink as much liquid as your body requires. After all, he is trying to achieve the normalization of the sugar level.
However, you should understand that the problem will be until the blood sugar level returns to the limits of acceptable values. And in order to help yourself in this, do not forget to exercise every day. And also take medication as directed by your doctor.
2. Damage to the skin
The appearance of various skin lesions is also the result of an elevated blood sugar level. These are brown spots on the feet, redness of the face and dry skin. Also, the nails, palms of the hands and feet can get a yellowish shade.
And if you notice that bruises do not go away for a long time, consult a doctor as soon as possible. Do not ignore this symptom! Since you can damage the health of your veins.
3. Mood swings
Hyperglycemia can cause severe mood swings. In particular, it will manifest itself as increased irritability or depression. Some people tend to be angry or more aggressive. However, if this is not your habitual condition, pay attention to this symptom.
Remember that emotions are directly related to the chemical processes in the brain. And they, in turn, change because of the increased level of sugar in the blood.
4. Weakness and Drowsiness
Since cells cannot effectively absorb the existing sugar in the blood, the level of energy decreases. And then it leads to the appearance of:
- Sensations of extreme fatigue
To reduce the intensity of this symptom, it is important to eat enough fresh vegetables. They will provide the body with quality vitamins and minerals. If the problem becomes very serious, the doctor may prescribe you some additional supplements.
5. Slow healing of wounds
Hyperglycemia causes serious changes in the coagulation (clotting) processes . It leads to bleeding and long healing of wounds and has much in common with the appearance of bruises on the skin.
If you notice that your wounds bleed and heal longer than usual, you need to take appropriate measures. Once you restore the blood sugar level, this symptom will disappear.
6. Problems with vision
Small arteries and wreaths located in the retina, macula (yellow spot), retinal vessels and the optic nerve head, are usually damaged due to hyperglycemia. Among the problems that may arise are the following:
- First, blurred vision
- Secondly, the presence of dark spots in the field of view
- And also pain in the eyes
- And more problems when focusing on close objects (lateral or peripheral vision)
Regular visits to an ophthalmologist can help you identify these problems and reduce too high a blood sugar level.
7. Sexual problems
Damage to nerves and blood vessels due to increased blood sugar levels is the cause of various changes in the sexual function of men and women . In men, hyperglycemia can cause:
- Inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for intercourse.
- Retrograde ejaculation, a condition in which all the sperm or part of it flows into the bladder instead of the penis during ejaculation.
Women may experience the following problems:
- Dryness of the vagina
- Reduction of sexual desire or its complete absence
- Painful sexual acts
Have you noticed these symptoms of high blood sugar? If so, then treat them carefully and as soon as possible, sign up for a doctor.