Anemia during pregnancy is quite a frequent problem that occurs during this process. Here we will explain how you can prevent it and the treatment to follow. The first thing we need to know is what anemia is.
“This is defined when there is a significant decrease in red blood cells that do not contain enough hemoglobin. The latter are protein pigments that transport oxygen to the human body. ”
This has been a widespread condition in recent years. At least 50% of women have suffered from this at different levels. If it is not treated in time, it can cause irreversible damage to vital organs. It could even cause the death of the baby.
Anemia during pregnancy! Let’s know their types and causes
The appearance and progress of anemia during pregnancy depend on several factors. These vary according to the metabolism of the future mother. Let’s see some of its most frequent causes:
- Major blood loss
- The disappearance of bone marrow.
- Folic acid or iron deficiency, this is known as iron deficiency anemia.
The last point is the most common. As iron is a mineral that our body does not produce we must obtain it in the intake of certain foods. Each red blood cell uses a percentage to produce hemoglobin.
Around the second half of pregnancy increases the amount of blood because of the baby, which is more difficult to absorb. If this is insufficient, red blood cells will not be produced, iron- deficiency anemia developing critically.
Regardless of whether you have a balanced diet and an adequate amount of vitamins does not guarantee the impossibility of suffering it. This is because during pregnancy the digestive processes change.
As for megaloblastic anemia is caused by a deficit of folic acid and vitamins B12. At least 90% of women suffer from it since this vitamin is water-soluble. This means that the human body eliminates this vitamin in the urine process.